Filling pieces Men's Ghost Perforated Suede Low Top Trainers All UK 7 7AFBY5B3NH

SKU-164135064
Filling pieces Men's Ghost Perforated Suede Low Top Trainers - All - UK 7 7AFBY5B3NH
Filling pieces Men's Ghost Perforated Suede Low Top Trainers - All - UK 7
Travel Waiver for Osaka, Japan Earthquake
Click to see the latest updates
More Details
mi

Search for flights

Passengers may check-in up to 24 hours in advance, but no less than 60 minutes prior to departure.

Find Flight

Tila March Brass ring mules ZVmzbWP1
Jimmy choo Marti velvet loafers OhrKwAqvji
Dallas Nagata White
Limited-Time Offer
40% Bonus
HawaiianMiles
Roundtrip Fares from Los Angeles to Hawaii
Los Angeles To Hawaii
From $ 397
Credit Card Offer
Earn 50,000 Bonus Miles*
Roundtrip Fares from the U.S. Mainland to Hawaii
U.S. Mainland To Hawaii
From $ 357
Shop, Dine Earn
Earn HawaiianMiles on everyday purchases
Vacation Packages
Bundle Flight + Hotel and Save!
Tabitha Simmons Calla Festival sandals EICI8s
Photo 2 of 2: {getAltText()}

What's New at Hawaiian Airlines

Long Beach-Honolulu service begins

New A321neo route inaugurated May 31.

Introducing our New Featured Chefs

Executive Chef Lee Anne Wong oversees our infight meals

Lie-Flat Seating

Luxury design elements include 180-degree lie-flat seats

The Hawaiian Airlines World Elite MasterCard*

Learn More Apply Opens external link to page that may not meet accessibility guidelines

Earn 50,000 Bonus Miles after spending $3,000 or more on purchases in the first 90 days.*

Receive a one-time 50% Off Companion Discount for roundtrip coach travel between Hawaii and North America on Hawaiian Airlines.*

Enjoy a Complimentary Checked Bag for the primary cardmember when you use your card to purchase eligible tickets directly from Hawaiian Airlines.*

*See Terms and Conditions for details. Subject to credit approval.

Are you a Business Owner?

Auctions Ebay Canada

Up to 60% Off Select Items + Free Shipping

Sale
Get Deal

Ebay Canada: Save up to 60% On Select Items + Free Shipping.

Staff Pick
good coupon bad coupon
100 votes
Showing 5 most recent comments

Saved $1000.00 on car (06/13/2018)

- Anonymous, 7 days ago

this is ridiculous. why listing such a non-sense

- Anonymous, 8 months ago

This is non-sense. not sure why suck kind of deals are getting listed

- Anonymous, 9 months ago

how do we use it?

- Anonymous, 1 year ago

how do use these coupons

- Anonymous, 2 years ago

Sale
Get Deal

Dansko Womens Wide Pro Clog M8dV2caT

0
Success
good coupon bad coupon
2 votes
Sale
Get Deal

Ebay Canada: Shop all brand new items under $10. Plus, free shipping.

33
Success
good coupon bad coupon
3 votes

Never miss a deal!

Subscribe to the best of RetailMeNot.

By clicking “Subscribe” you consent to receive emails from RetailMeNot, Inc. You can opt out at any time. Your consent is sought by RetailMeNot, Inc., 301 Congress Ave., Ste 700, Austin TX 78701 U.S.A. Haider Ackermann 35 Silk Brogues mLxwN

Sale
Get Deal

Ebay Canada: Get up to 70% off Anniversary Sale

New
good coupon bad coupon
1 vote
Sale
Get Deal

Ebay Canada: Get up to 60% off Designer Sunglasses from top brands like Balenciaga, Carrera More

New
good coupon bad coupon
1 vote
Sale
Get Deal

Ebay Canada: Get Up to 20% off Outdoor Season Essentials + Free shipping on camping, hiking gear more

Go to...

Using Advanced Placement as a lever for social justice

The former school superintendent of Hartford, Conn., Beth Schiavino-Narvaez, once told me that “the public education system is the great sorting mechanism for American society.” I use that line often, as it succinctly conveys both the connection of public education to the larger society and the never-ending debate about its purpose. Should public education serve to elevate all students, regardless of background so they can attend a four-year college or should it weed out students based on merit and perceived ability?

Nowhere does this dynamic play out more clearly than in the assignment of students to Advanced Placement classes. AP has become a symbol of excellence and accountability for many school systems. Regardless of the actual value the courses have in relationship to learning important content, they’re seen as a measure of a school’s excellence and used as an accountability metric: The more AP classes a school offers, the better it is believed to prepare students for college; the greater the numbers of nonwhite and Asian students who take AP classes and pass AP tests, the more the school is said to be promoting equity.

But while these metrics are important first-level indicators of equity, the pursuit of social justice requires a much deeper understanding of how AP classes are administered and to whom they are offered.

Gateway courses

When I was superintendent of Montgomery County (Md.) Public Schools, the associate superintendent for high schools, Chris Garran, told me about his AP awakening: When he became the principal of a well-regarded and diverse high school, he discovered that none of the school’s black graduates had qualified for a scholarship based on their success in AP courses. When he and his guidance team dug into the data, they found that many white and Asian students were taking AP Government and Politics (also called AP NSL) as freshmen and sophomores, while black and Hispanic students didn’t start taking AP until junior or senior year.

He discovered that NSL was considered a gateway course that helped students understand the requirements of AP and build the necessary “AP muscle” they’d need for more difficult classes. So, white and Asian students who were deemed AP-ready coming out of middle school were encouraged to enroll in NSL and then ended up taking multiple AP courses in high school, while black and Hispanic students would take just one or two (most often AP Psychology).

When Garran became the district’s associate superintendent for high schools, he checked to see whether the 25 high schools in the county were enrolling black, Hispanic, and students on free and reduced-price meals in AP courses starting in 9th grade. Finding patterns similar to what he had seen as a principal, Garran began an annual review process meant to broaden enrollment.

As a result, from 2013 to 2016 (I left in 2015), the percentage of students enrolled in AP Government and Politics who scored a 3 or higher on exams increased by 2 percentage points (to almost three-quarters of all high school students) and by 6 percentage points for black students and 5 percentage points for Hispanic students ( Salvatore Ferragamo Womens Alice 55 Velvet Block Heel Pointed Toe Pumps YwQnVq
AdvancedPlacement).

Across the country, high schools have restricted access to AP courses by requiring certain grade point averages and standardized test scores or recommendations from specific teachers. Supposedly, such rules are necessary to maintain AP’s reputation as a merit-based accomplishment. In reality, though, they function to exclude many young people. According to Education Trust (2013):

[O]ur examination of reach across different groups of students revealed wide differences in participation. Middle- and high-income students who attend schools with AP classes are three times as likely to enroll in an AP course as are low-income students. Asian students participate at more than twice the national average, while black and American Indian students participate at about half the rate of the national average (p. 4).

Similarly, the College Board, which administers the AP program, has acknowledged that significant numbers of black and Hispanic students who have the potential to succeed in AP never take those classes, either because their schools don’t offer them or because they aren’t placed into them.

Expanding access, expecting resistance

When I was superintendent in Stamford, Conn., one of the local high schools, Westhill, decided to open access to AP. A forward-thinking English department head and a supportive principal led the initiative, which then spread to other departments. Yet, even though we won a grant to support the work, we ran into fierce resistance from various quarters.

Parents of affluent white students, especially, argued that black and Hispanic kids simply weren’t ready for the rigors of AP; they should be shielded from failure, they said. And if those kids were allowed to take the courses, then the AP program would be dumbed-down, or the teachers would have to go more slowly.

Likewise, the teachers’ union leadership contested our decision (even though many teachers supported it). Apparently, cash rewards had been given to teachers whose students scored a 3 or above (on a 5-point scale) on AP tests, and they were worried that expanding access would dilute the pool of high-scoring students, putting those rewards at risk. Fortunately, we won in arbitration, setting a precedent for the entire state, and the initiative continued. As a result, participation in AP courses by black students increased by 12 percentage points and by Hispanic students by 11 percentage points during my tenure. Participation by white and Asian students continued and even increased. Overall success in AP (as measured by passing an exam) increased by 12 percentage points during that time and doubled for black and Hispanic students (although they continued to lag behind their peers) ( Isabel Marant 20MM BETH PAINTED LOGO LEATHER SNEAKERS AuNHR8ENz7
).

Opening access to AP for all students isn’t an easy undertaking nor is overcoming the inevitable resistance. But it is an essential move for any school or system leader who wants to lead from a social justice perspective. If AP is a critical part of the pathway to college and if we want more students to pursue four-year degrees, then we have to rewrite the rules to take the onus off the individual student and put it on the adults in the system to support all students’ access to and success in higher-level courses. Further, the more routinely we steer all students into advanced coursework, the more successful those students are likely to be. Researchers have found that when one or two students of color are placed in an AP course, they don’t do as well as they do when they are part of a sizeable cohort — the so-called posse effect tends to provide a boost for students of color who’ve been given messages throughout their schooling that they’re not as worthy or entitled to upper-level courses as white and Asian students.

Leading from a social justice lens requires that school and system leaders understand the rules that have been created to privilege some and oppress others. The seemingly objective entrance criteria for AP classes have served to rank and sort our public school students so that white and Asian students continue to excel while black and Hispanic students are kept out of such opportunities. Leaders must deliberately and intentionally change those conditions by rewriting the rules, examining the data, supporting students, teachers and leaders, and establishing accountability based on the idea that all students must have access to the highest academic levels a school offers.

Reference

Education Trust. (2013, June). Washington, DC: Author.

JOSHUA P. STARR (@JoshuaPStarr) is chief executive officer of PDK International, Arlington, Va.

Originally published in October 2017 (2), 72-73. © 2017 Phi Delta Kappa International. All rights reserved.

Many entrenched school practices perpetuate the public education system as “the great sorting mechanism for American society.”

Sign up to receive special email offers.
Shop Brookstone
About Brookstone
Customer Service

Easy to Send. Fun to Spend .

Give the perfect gift everytime

Heinrich DinkelackerDerby Brogue calf leather coffee wing cap perforated gT1nA

Customer Service 1-800-846-3000 | Sales 1-866-576-7337 Brookstone.com is your destination for unique gift ideas and smart products. For the latest savings, visit our coupons page: Brookstone Coupons . To find a store near you, visit our Store Locator or view our PRETTYLITTLETHING Black Snake Heeled Strappy Sandal BaxXTb1Ao
. If you are using a screen reader and are having problems using this website, please call Customer Service at 1-800-846-3000 or email us through our Puma TRACE BLOCK SUEDE PLATFORM SNEAKERS 9Oonnh
.
© Brookstone 2018. All rights reserved.
Helmut Lang Pointed pumps ndjD9qb
Brookstone Loves Rewards Program Contact Us